Different development approaches
Concept and approaches of development
Involving villagers and communities for planning community forests, pasture, roads, and other infrastructural needs are also scopes of the bottom-up approach. See all related question in development administration. Such as mining control, mined area rehabilitation, pollution control, stabilization of housing sites on slopes as required. As illustrated in Fig. Planning at watershed level At the watershed level, the major concern of watershed managers or planners is whether the land is properly used. Area Development Approach emphasizes on two points: Development of optimum infrastructural facilities and Spatial and functional integration for the development of an area. Lets see in brief. To raise the standards of living and education of the regional disparities in development.
Another major consideration for the planners is what types of land use or crops are best suited for the watershed. Therefore, planning at the farm and community levels are necessary.
Minimum Needs Program Approach. As with housing, there may be competent authorities in charge of their respective development. To raise the standards of living and education of the regional disparities in development.
Depending again on the actual needs of a watershed, the development plans may include the following: - Irrigation and water harvesting. Use below its capability, though allowable from a conservation viewpoint, is an economical loss subject to further adjustment.
The final goal is to come to an equitable development and their empowerment. Responds well to changing specifications.
Welfare approach to development
Now, economic growth with social justice became the guiding and to be followed principle. This information is analyzed to identify weaknesses and drive improvement. Iterative approach Planning is an iterative approach. Conducting individual farm planning or group farm planning with the farmers will obtain details on how farmers will use, develop and protect their farms. So, it became necessary to undertake such programs and projects which deliberately and with firm belief aimed at reduction in poverty and lead to distributive justice. Land use planning can be carried out at many levels. Minor irrigation and water harvesting for the provision of supplementary water at the beginning of the dry season will help farmers to grow one more crop, thereby increasing their income.
Before a final plan is prepared, many studies, assessments, alternative considerations and revisions will have to be made. II- The objectives, the importance and the challenges: 1 - The objectives and the importance: Among their objectives, they aim at: - Adjusting the mistakes of the classical projects - Repairing the damages of the SAP structural adjustment program - Capacity building.
However, later on it was realized that social development was equally important and needed. These may include using both vegetative and structural means.
based on 56 review