Simply residing in some communities increases the likelihood of contact with the criminal justice system and being labeled a recidivist. What specific techniques worked best? Even programs ballyhooed as rehabilitative, such as the much maligned "furlough," are tolerated not so much for their rehabilitative effect, as for the fact that they provide incentives which lead to smoother prison management.
Arrested as a civil rights "freedom rider," he had spent 40 days in the maximum security unit of Mississippi's Parchman State Penitentiary. More often, it's like going to the same doctor with a broken arm or an acute appendicitis and being told the same two treatments, an aspirin or a lobotomy, are all that's available.
The results of these programs were not short-lived; follow-up periods of at least two years were not uncommon, and several studies reported even longer follow-ups.
Wilson added mans' nature to the equation. The Court outlined the history of the debate: "Rehabilitation as a sound penological theory came to be questioned and, in any event, was regarded by some as an unattainable goal for most cases. Effective programs were conducted in a variety of community and to a lesser degree institutional settings, involving pre-delinquents, hard-core adolescent offenders, and recidivistic adult offenders, including criminal heroin addicts.
He had served his purpose and his own issue was wrested from his grasp. A year before his death, Martinson anticipated this is an article in the Hofstra Law Review, pointing to a plethora of rehabilitative models which had proven effective with offenders, he wrote, ".