Theories of social inequality

Science changes its own object. If access to science is unequal and if science contributes to inequality, this has to be legitimized scientifically.

Theories of inequality pdf

Critiques of the Functionalist Perspective There are several problems with this approach to stratification. The scientific process itself is an explanation, which challenges both the preunderstanding and the self-interpretation. Since he or she is member of a society as well, it implies that the scientist can predict his or her own life. State-Centered Theories According to state-centered theories of inequality, the government should regulate the distribution of resources to protect workers. First, it is difficult to determine the functional importance of any job, as the accompanying specialization and inter-dependence make every position necessary to the overall operation. The interpretation implies a value judgement about the arrangement of society. Market-Oriented Theories Market-oriented theories of inequality argue that supply and demand will regulate prices and wages and stabilize inequality. There is no way to neutralize these influences. While first-wave Liberal Feminist initiatives raised awareness about the lack of fundamental rights and freedoms that women have access to, second-wave feminism see also Radical Feminism highlighted the structural forces that underlie gender-based violence. Inequality of conditions refers to the unequal distribution of income, wealth, and material goods. State-centered theories assert that intentional state policies must be aimed at equitably distributing resources and opportunities. Through unequal economic relations with wealthy countries in the form of continued debts and foreign trade, poor countries continue to be dependent and unable to tap into their full potential for development. Masculinities are generally constructed so as to subordinate femininities and other expressions of gender that are not heterosexual, assertive and dominant. Working half a century later than Marx, Weber derived many of his key concepts on social stratification by examining the social structure of Germany. Social problems differ from personal problems where issues are dealt with at an individual level.

There are many different perspectives on social inequality within our society; the three areas I am going to focus on are those of the Functionalist, Conflict and Symbolic-Interactionist. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. Typically, once they enter the labour force or take a part-time job while in school, they start at entry level positions with low level wages.

The logic of human rights does not necessarily imply that all people should achieve equal status, but it does assume that all should have equal opportunities to advance, or Weberian life chances.

Social inequality essay

Provided by: Boundless. Core countries are dominant capitalist countries that exploit peripheral countries for labor and raw materials. Economic capital is important in a capitalist society but so are all other types of capital identified by Bourdieu Ithaca, Cornell University Press. Most postcolonial scholars simply do not bother to talk to them. It will also give, and explain an example of what The Conflict Theory pertains to in modern society. Let us suppose that a social scientist is actually able to explain society. Memory and criticism are decisive factors in the process. There is a change in literacy, income distribution , education and health status. The governments of poor countries invite these TNCs to invest in their country with the hope of developing the country and bringing material benefit to the people.

Edward P. However, domination as a structure is more fundamental than capitalism.

functionalist theory

The same is true for other dimensions of inequality. When the supply of a product exactly meets the demand for it, the price reaches a state of equilibrium and no longer fluctuates. The research has to include its theoretical, methodological and empirical grounds and limitations.

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Social inequality