Zero grazing business plan

zero grazing cows per acre

Dig a silage pit to store and preserve animal feed. One cow can produce up to 20 tons of compost per year depending on availability of crop residues. Most farmers prefer giving dairy meal to the cows at milking time. Improved dairy cattle breeds In order to increase milk production you need to concentrate on fewer, better fed and better quality animals.

components of a modern zero grazing unit

Innovative livestock farmers have come up with home-mix dairy rations. The cattle walking or manure places This should be constructed solidly with concrete because the area is used heavily by animals.

Zero grazing unit construction plans pdf

Feeding Cows fed to capacity on grasses alone have the potential to produce up to a maximum of 7 Kg of milk per day. The mixture is dried and milled. Water should be available throughout the day as it makes the bulk of the milk. Zero grazing or stall feeding is basically confining dairy cattle in a stall and feeding them there. Cows must have adequate feeding space, and wastage must be monitored, to ensure feed intake is maximized. Other useful crops or grasses are fodder maize and fodder sorghum. The recommended standard width is 4ft or cm and standard length of 7ft or cm. Recommended zero grazing housing plan Recommended zero grazing housing plan Written by Maurice Rangoma. Selecting good cows and culling non performing ones coupled with good calf rearing for replacement stock should be an integral part of the system. The cattle walking or manure places This should be constructed solidly with concrete because the area is used heavily by animals. The cow shed must be functional, cheap and long lasting. Problems such as shortage of grazing land, low productivity of dairy cows, low quality fodder, prevalence of diseases and lack of money are dealt with in this system of dairy production. An example composition of a kg of home-mix dairy ration is 40 kg sunflower cake, 40 kg maize grain, 10 kg sorghum, 5 kg soya beans and 5 kg dried cassava chips. There is minimum movement of cattle because they are not allowed to graze in the fields and thus the term zero grazing. If valued against current fertilizer prices this composition is valued at Kshs.

Problems such as shortage of grazing land, low productivity of dairy cows, low quality fodder, prevalence of diseases and lack of money are dealt with in this system of dairy production.

Planning ahead is critical to ensure there is always adequate forage available for the animals. In feeding the cows the forage to concentrate ratio cannot surpass percent.

Components of zero grazing unit

Improved dairy cattle breeds In order to increase milk production you need to concentrate on fewer, better fed and better quality animals. The floor should slope towards the end of the building where manure is stored in a pit about m away from the stable. Cover the manure pit to prevent nitrogen losses. Problems such as shortage of grazing land, low productivity of dairy cows, low quality fodder, prevalence of diseases and lack of money are dealt with in this system of dairy production. The amount of forage, whether obtained within or outside the farm, is actually the single most resource that determines the number of cows or animals that can be sustained in the unit because. Stock the units with dairy cows that have been bred specifically for their high milk yield. The cattle walking or manure places This should be constructed solidly with concrete because the area is used heavily by animals. You will need the skills of a qualified professional to come up with the right mixture of the feeds available to your cows. The increased utilization of off farm fodder can allow for an increase of stocking rate on the farm.

There is minimum movement of cattle because they are not allowed to graze in the fields and thus the term zero grazing. Plant 0.

Modern zero grazing structure

Quality materials which are locally available can greatly reduce costs. Water should be available throughout the day as it makes the bulk of the milk. Other useful crops or grasses are fodder maize and fodder sorghum. Most farmers prefer giving dairy meal to the cows at milking time. Innovative livestock farmers have come up with home-mix dairy rations. The floor of the sleeping place is raised 25cm above the level of walking and manuring passage. The following is the recommended housing plan for a small scale zero grazing unit. Replenish soil fertility by recycling all manure on the napier crop every 2 to 3 days. Other concentrates like sunflower seed cake, cotton seed cake and bran are available. Improved dairy cattle breeds In order to increase milk production you need to concentrate on fewer, better fed and better quality animals. Mix cement, sand and ballast in the ration of Cover the manure pit to prevent nitrogen losses. It should be near as possible to the source of forage to reduce labor costs of carrying the cut grass to the cows and carrying manure back to the farm. Zero grazing can provide opportunities for herd expansion by increased forage utilization or through accessing land beyond cow walking distance for grazing.
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Dairy cows in their zero grazing unit.